A cosmetic procedure for the skin that involves the mechanical abrasion and removal of all or part of the stratum corneum (as by a high pressure spray of granular crystals) and is used to rejuvenate the skin and to treat skin blemishes or imperfections (such as scars or wrinkles).
Microdermabrasion is a nonsurgical, minimally invasive procedure. There’s very little you need to do to prepare for it. Make sure to discuss your skin concerns with a skin care professional to find out if microdermabrasion is the right fit for you. Discuss any past cosmetic procedures and surgeries, as well as allergies and medical conditions.
You may be told to avoid sun exposure, tanning creams, and waxing for about a week before treatment. You may also be advised to stop using exfoliating creams and masks approximately three days prior to treatment. Remove any makeup and cleanse your face before the procedure begins.
How does microdermabrasion work?
Microdermabrasion is an in-office procedure that usually takes about one hour. It’s typically performed by a licensed skincare professional, who may or may not be under the supervision of a healthcare provider. This depends on the state in which you live.
There are a few different ways to do the procedure, based on the specific device used:
1. A diamond-tip hand-piece will gently exfoliate dead cells in your skin. At the same time, it will suction them off immediately. The depth of the abrasion may be affected by the pressure exerted on the handpiece as well as how long the suction is allowed to remain on the skin. This type of microdermabrasion applicator is generally used in more sensitive facial areas, such close to the eyes.
2. Crystal microdermabrasion uses a crystal-emitting handpiece to gently rub away outer layers of the skin. As with the diamond-tip handpiece, dead skin cells are suctioned off right away. The different types of crystals that may be used include aluminum oxide and sodium chloride.
3. Hydradermabrasion is a newer method. It involves combining simultaneous dermal infusion of products and crystal-free exfoliation. The entire process stimulates collagen production and maximizes blood flow to your skin.
It’s not necessary to use anesthesia or a numbing agent for microdermabrasion. During your appointment, you’ll be seated in a reclining chair. Your provider will use handheld device to gently sand away the outer layer of skin in the targeted areas. At the end of the treatment, a moisturizer will be applied to your skin.
What to expect after microdermabrasion?
There is little to no downtime after microdermabrasion. You should be able to resume your daily activities immediately. Keep your skin hydrated and use gentle skincare products. Avoid using topical acne medications for at least one day post-treatment. It’s extremely important to protect your skin with sunscreen — your skin can be more sensitive to the sun in the few weeks after the treatment.
You can expect to see noticeable results immediately after the procedure. The number of microdermabrasion sessions needed will depend on the severity of your skin concerns as well as your expectations. Your provider should design a plan for the initial number of sessions, as well as periodic maintenance treatments.